James Mahoney is a comparative-historical researcher with interests in socioeconomic development, political regimes, and methodology. His most recent books are Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective (2010) andExplaining Institutional Change: Ambiguity, Agency, and Power (2010; co-edited with Kathleen Thelen). He is also the author of The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence and Political Regimes in Central America (2001) and co-editor of Comparative-Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (2003; with Dietrich Rueschemeyer). His article publications feature work on political and socioeconomic development in Latin America, path dependence in historical sociology, and causal inference in small-N analysis. Mahoney is a past President of the APSA Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, and he is Chair-elect of the ASA Section for Comparative and Historical Sociology.
Major Awards and Grants
David Collier Mid-Career Achievement Award, Section on Qualitative and Multi-Method
Research, American Political Science Association, September 2010.
Alexander L. George Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best article developing or using qualitative methods published in 2008).
Received for “Toward a Unified Theory of Causality,” September 2009.
Research Grant (approximately $510,000), National Science Foundation. “Colonialism and
Its Legacies: A Comprehensive Historical Dataset” (co-PI with John Gerring). April
Career Award Grant ($292,750), National Science Foundation. “Long-Run Development
and the Legacy of Spanish Colonialism in Latin America,” April 2001 – April 2006.
Alexander L. George Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best article developing or using qualitative methods published in 2004).
Received for “The Possibility Principle: Choosing Negative Cases in Qualitative
Research” (with Gary Goertz), September 2005.
Giovanni Sartori Book Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best book developing or using qualitative methods published in 2003).
Received for Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (co-edited with
Dietrich Rueschemeyer), September 2004.
Barrington Moore Jr. Prize, Comparative and Historical Sociology Section, American
Sociological Association (best book in comparative-historical sociology published in
2000 or 2001). Received for The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence and Political
Some of the engineering attributes and disciplines that are of importance to the automotive engineer and many of the other aspects are included in it:
Safety engineering: Safety engineering is the assessment of various crash scenarios and their impact on the vehicle occupants. These are tested against very stringent governmental regulations. Some of these requirements include: seat belt and air bag functionality testing, front and side impact testing, and tests of rollover resistance. Assessments are done with various methods and tools, including Computer crash simulation (typically finite element analysis), crash test dummies, and partial system sled and full vehicle crashes.
Fuel economy/emissions: Fuel economy is the measured fuel efficiency of the vehicle in miles per gallon or kilometers per litre.Emissions testing includes the measurement of vehicle emissions, including hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and evaporative emissions.
Vehicle dynamics: Vehicle dynamics is the vehicle’s response of the following attributes: ride, handling, steering, braking, comfort and traction. Design of the chassis systems of suspension, steering, braking, structure (frame), wheels and tires, and traction control are highly leveraged by the vehicle dynamics engineer to deliver the vehicle dynamics qualities desired.
NVH engineering (noise, vibration, and harshness): NVH is the customer’s feedback (both tactile [felt] and audible [heard]) from the vehicle. While sound can be interpreted as a rattle, squeal, or hoot; a tactile response can be seat vibration, or a buzz in thesteering wheel. This feedback is generated by components either rubbing, vibrating, or rotating. NVH response can be classified in various ways: powertrain NVH, road noise, wind noise, component noise, and squeak and rattle. Note, there are both good and bad NVH qualities. The NVH engineer works to either eliminate bad NVH, or change the “bad NVH” to good (i.e., exhaust tones).
Vehicle Electronics: Automotive electronics is an increasingly important aspect of automotive engineering. Modern vehicles employ dozens of electronic systems. These systems are responsible for operational controls such as the throttle, brake and steering controls; as well as many comfort and convenience systems such as the HVAC, infotainment, and lighting systems. It would not be possible for automobiles to meet modern safety and fuel economy requirements without electronic controls.
Performance: Performance is a measurable and testable value of a vehicles ability to perform in various conditions. Performance can be considered in a wide variety of tasks, but it’s generally associated with how quickly a car can accelerate (e.g. standing start 1/4 mile elapsed time, 0–60 mph, etc.), its top speed, how short and quickly a car can come to a complete stop from a set speed (e.g. 70-0 mph), how much g-force a car can generate without losing grip, recorded lap times, cornering speed, brake fade, etc. Performance can also reflect the amount of control in inclement weather (snow, ice, rain).
Shift quality: Shift quality is the driver’s perception of the vehicle to an automatic transmission shift event. This is influenced by the powertrain (engine, transmission), and the vehicle (driveline, suspension, engine and powertrain mounts, etc.) Shift feel is both a tactile (felt) and audible (heard) response of the vehicle. Shift quality is experienced as various events: Transmission shifts are felt as an upshift at acceleration (1–2), or a downshift maneuver in passing (4–2). Shift engagements of the vehicle are also evaluated, as in Park to Reverse, etc.
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Vauxhall is dipping into its history, and while its new small car might be Viva in name only, it’s positioned to appeal to budget conscious buyers seeking a stylish and practical motor – just like the original.
The little 1.0 litre, 5-door car provides a funky mix of performance and affordability, while not skimping on the technology front. Features include rear-parking assist, lane-departure warning and ‘City mode’ steering, read more on the Vauxhall Viva Forum
If you’re thinking the Luton firm already has two superminis in the Adam and the Corsa, you would be right but the Viva is a very different proposition.
While the Corsa is a traditional mass-market supermini, and the Adam a fashion statement, the Viva is for those with a keener eye than most on their purse strings.
With a starting price of £7,995, the Viva undercuts even the cheapest five-door Corsa by more than £1,700, which is no small beer. Not that Vauxhall is alone in this market.
Form follows desire
Sharp lines, athletic sculpting and the striking curve of the ‘floating’ roof – the design of the new Astra k captures the dynamic potential within. Premium interior and distinctive wheels further enhance its overall appeal.
BMW M2 Forum
The new G11 7 Series will be shown to the world on June 10th, the 3 Series LCI will be coming out later this year, an M2 is on the way and BMW is currently working on a new G10 5 Series. So BMW has a lot coming up and it should prove exciting for the folks in Munich. BMW needs slam dunks to take on the heavyweights in each segment, as all of the competition has since come out with new models while BMW’s grew stale.
Audi Q1 Forum
German luxury brand Audi will expand its SUV ranks in 2016 with a new baby model known as the Q1, and the company’s local chief says he’s “thrilled” about that.
“When we do product planning, we do it with a real intelligence, especially with our central planners,” he said.
“We do it for a reason, and we proved that, I think, when we launched the Q7 and subsequently the Q5 and then the Q3. And every single time we lift our volume,” Doyle said. “Q7 never went backwards, Q5 only went forwards, and Q3 has been on top every time
Surprisingly it is now rumuored that the expected junior crossover from Audi expected next year, probably during the second quarter of 2016, will now be named the Q2 after the ownership of the trademarks Q2 and Q4 prviously owned by Fiat/Alfa Romeo has been settled.
The Audi Q2, as we should probably call it from now on will currently be the smallest SUV in the Audi line up, but a smaller one could follow under the Q1 nomenclature now that is available to the german car brand.
Audi boss Ulrich Hackenberg has recently revealed the brand’s upcoming compact crossover could sport the ‘Q2′ badge. This means the new ‘Q’ car could be marketed as a sportier offering than the future Q1.
Underpinned by the ‘MQB’ chassis likely to feature in future generations of the Volkswagen Polo and sharing components with the 2017 VW Tiguan, Audi intends the Q2 to be the first ‘true premium supermini-sized SUV.’ The price is likely to reflect this, placing the Q2 slightly beneath its larger Q3 sibling at between £18,000 and £20,000.
AUDIBLOG.co.uk looks to being the leading website for Audi news, reviews and every other little bit of interesting information from the AUDI world. Each month, Audi Blog caters to to a large number of Audi owners, future customers and fans from around the world.
Alfa Romeo Giulia
To our knowledge, this is one of the first times a development prototype of the base Alfa Romeo Giulia has been recorded on the road.
This gives us a chance to see what the less flamboyant version of the Giulia QV will look like. It sports more sedate bumpers, smaller alloy wheels and even black door handles, which leads us to believe this is likely the cheapest version. It does have an elegant silhouette though.
Judging from the orange lights embedded in the headlamps, it could be a US-spec model. This and the noise of the engine contradict the video uploader’s claim that it is a diesel-powered Giulia.
As far as we know, the Giulia will not be offered with a diesel engine in the United States. It sounds more like a low-powered four-cylinder petrol. The regular version of the Alfa Romeo Giulia is expected to debut at the Geneva Motor Show next year and to arrive in dealerships in fall 2016.
Catch up on all the very latest news from the Renault group, including renault news, reviews and product launches on our brand new renault blog