December 11, 2019

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James Mahoney is a comparative-historical researcher with interests in socioeconomic development, political regimes, and methodology. His most recent books are Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective (2010) andExplaining Institutional Change: Ambiguity, Agency, and Power (2010; co-edited with Kathleen Thelen). He is also the author of The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence and Political Regimes in Central America (2001) and co-editor of Comparative-Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (2003; with Dietrich Rueschemeyer). His article publications feature work on political and socioeconomic development in Latin America, path dependence in historical sociology, and causal inference in small-N analysis. Mahoney is a past President of the APSA Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, and he is Chair-elect of the ASA Section for Comparative and Historical Sociology.

Major Awards and Grants
David Collier Mid-Career Achievement Award, Section on Qualitative and Multi-Method
Research, American Political Science Association, September 2010.
Alexander L. George Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best article developing or using qualitative methods published in 2008).
Received for “Toward a Unified Theory of Causality,” September 2009.
Research Grant (approximately $510,000), National Science Foundation. “Colonialism and
Its Legacies: A Comprehensive Historical Dataset” (co-PI with John Gerring). April
2007-March 2011.
Career Award Grant ($292,750), National Science Foundation. “Long-Run Development
and the Legacy of Spanish Colonialism in Latin America,” April 2001 – April 2006.
Alexander L. George Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best article developing or using qualitative methods published in 2004).
Received for “The Possibility Principle: Choosing Negative Cases in Qualitative
Research” (with Gary Goertz), September 2005.
Giovanni Sartori Book Award, Qualitative Methods Section, American Political Science
Association (best book developing or using qualitative methods published in 2003).
Received for Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (co-edited with
Dietrich Rueschemeyer), September 2004.
Barrington Moore Jr. Prize, Comparative and Historical Sociology Section, American
Sociological Association (best book in comparative-historical sociology published in
2000 or 2001). Received for The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence and Political

Automobile Engineering

Some of the engineering attributes and disciplines that are of importance to the automotive engineer and many of the other aspects are included in it:

Safety engineering: Safety engineering is the assessment of various crash scenarios and their impact on the vehicle occupants. These are tested against very stringent governmental regulations. Some of these requirements include: seat belt and air bag functionality testing, front and side impact testing, and tests of rollover resistance. Assessments are done with various methods and tools, including Computer crash simulation (typically finite element analysis), crash test dummies, and partial system sled and full vehicle crashes.

Visualization of how a car deforms in an asymmetrical crash using finite element analysis.[1]

Fuel economy/emissions: Fuel economy is the measured fuel efficiency of the vehicle in miles per gallon or kilometers per litre.Emissions testing includes the measurement of vehicle emissions, including hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and evaporative emissions.

Vehicle dynamics: Vehicle dynamics is the vehicle’s response of the following attributes: ride, handling, steering, braking, comfort and traction. Design of the chassis systems of suspension, steering, braking, structure (frame), wheels and tires, and traction control are highly leveraged by the vehicle dynamics engineer to deliver the vehicle dynamics qualities desired.

NVH engineering (noise, vibration, and harshness): NVH is the customer’s feedback (both tactile [felt] and audible [heard]) from the vehicle. While sound can be interpreted as a rattle, squeal, or hoot; a tactile response can be seat vibration, or a buzz in thesteering wheel. This feedback is generated by components either rubbing, vibrating, or rotating. NVH response can be classified in various ways: powertrain NVH, road noise, wind noise, component noise, and squeak and rattle. Note, there are both good and bad NVH qualities. The NVH engineer works to either eliminate bad NVH, or change the “bad NVH” to good (i.e., exhaust tones).

Vehicle Electronics: Automotive electronics is an increasingly important aspect of automotive engineering. Modern vehicles employ dozens of electronic systems.[1] These systems are responsible for operational controls such as the throttle, brake and steering controls; as well as many comfort and convenience systems such as the HVAC, infotainment, and lighting systems. It would not be possible for automobiles to meet modern safety and fuel economy requirements without electronic controls.

Performance: Performance is a measurable and testable value of a vehicles ability to perform in various conditions. Performance can be considered in a wide variety of tasks, but it’s generally associated with how quickly a car can accelerate (e.g. standing start 1/4 mile elapsed time, 0–60 mph, etc.), its top speed, how short and quickly a car can come to a complete stop from a set speed (e.g. 70-0 mph), how much g-force a car can generate without losing grip, recorded lap times, cornering speed, brake fade, etc. Performance can also reflect the amount of control in inclement weather (snow, ice, rain).

Shift quality: Shift quality is the driver’s perception of the vehicle to an automatic transmission shift event. This is influenced by the powertrain (engine, transmission), and the vehicle (driveline, suspension, engine and powertrain mounts, etc.) Shift feel is both a tactile (felt) and audible (heard) response of the vehicle. Shift quality is experienced as various events: Transmission shifts are felt as an upshift at acceleration (1–2), or a downshift maneuver in passing (4–2). Shift engagements of the vehicle are also evaluated, as in Park to Reverse, etc.

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Vauxhall is dipping into its history, and while its new small car might be Viva in name only, it’s positioned to appeal to budget conscious buyers seeking a stylish and practical motor – just like the original.

The little 1.0 litre, 5-door car provides a funky mix of performance and affordability, while not skimping on the technology front. Features include rear-parking assist, lane-departure warning and ‘City mode’ steering, read more on the Vauxhall Viva Forum

If you’re thinking the Luton firm already has two superminis in the Adam and the Corsa, you would be right but the Viva is a very different proposition.

While the Corsa is a traditional mass-market supermini, and the Adam a fashion statement, the Viva is for those with a keener eye than most on their purse strings.

With a starting price of £7,995, the Viva undercuts even the cheapest five-door Corsa by more than £1,700, which is no small beer. Not that Vauxhall is alone in this market.

BMW M2 Forum

The new G11 7 Series will be shown to the world on June 10th, the 3 Series LCI will be coming out later this year, an M2 is on the way and BMW is currently working on a new G10 5 Series. So BMW has a lot coming up and it should prove exciting for the folks in Munich. BMW needs slam dunks to take on the heavyweights in each segment, as all of the competition has since come out with new models while BMW’s grew stale.